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OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY

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An obstetrician-gynaecologist, or OB-GYN, is a physician who focuses on women’s health. Menstruation, childbirth, and menopause are just a few of the female body’s essential functions. All of this and more is taken care of by OB-GYNs. Here’s an overview of what they do and when you should seek one out.

 

What is an OB-GYN (Obstetrician- Gynaecologist )                                  

Some OB-GYNs, like your principal care physician, provide a wide range of general health services. Others concentrate on the medical treatment of women’s reproductive systems.

OB-GYNs also provide conventional medical care and preventive screenings. This doctor has a background in obstetrics and gynecology.

The phrase “OB-GYN” can apply to the doctor, an obstetrician-gynecologist, or to the fields of obstetrics and gynecology in which the doctor specializes.

 

What is the definition of obstetrics?

Obstetrics is the medical and surgical care given to a woman before, during and after gives birth. Obstetrics is concerned with the care and maintenance of a woman’s entire health throughout pregnancy.

  • This encompasses things like pregnancy, labour and childbirth.
  • the time following childbirth

 

OB-GYNs can see patients in their offices, do surgery, and help with lab or and delivery. Some OB-GYNs work alone or in private practice. Others work as part of a larger medical organization or hospital.

 

What is the definition of gynecology?

Gynaecology is the medical specialty that deals with women’s bodies and reproductive health. It entails the examination, treatment, and maintenance of a woman’s reproductive system.

 

The vaginal uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes are all included.

This field of medicine also encompasses the detection and treatment of problems with women’s breasts.

Gynecology is the branch of medication that deals with women’s health from adolescence through maturity. It represents the majority of your reproductive care throughout your life. You’ll need to see an obstetrician if you become pregnant.

 

What are the areas of expertise?

OB-GYNs are generalists in 90 percent of cases. As a result, they give a wide range of OB-GYN services. Some people opt to focus on one or more subspecialties. These may include the following:

 

Obstetrics and fatal medicine

Patients with high-risk pregnancies and concomitant medical issues are cared for by these doctors. If you have any of the following symptoms, you should see a maternal-fatal medicine specialist:

  • gestational or chronic blood pressure that is too high
  • diabetes during pregnancy
  • abnormalities of blood clotting
  • Premature birth

 

Infertility and reproductive endocrinology

These endocrinologists deal with topics including infertility and the endocrine system’s glands and hormones. You can see a reproductive endocrinologist if you want to get pregnant but are experiencing problems conceiving. In vitro fertilization, for example, is one of the assisted reproduction treatments they do.

 

Oncology of the gynecological system

A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in caring for a woman’s reproductive health from the time she gets her first period until she reaches menopause.

A gynaecologist diagnoses and treats any illnesses that affect the reproductive system, such as those that affect the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or vagina. Breast pap smears, exams, and pelvic exams are all recommended screenings that gynaecologists conduct. They also perform hysterectomies and tubal ligations. A gynaecologist can also give human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines to protect against cancer-causing HPV.

Gynaecologists can also offer counsel on sexual issues such as responsible sexual behaviour, contraception, and sexually transmitted illness prevention. Overall, a gynaecologist can handle any non-pregnancy issue that has to do with female reproductive health.

These oncologists specialize in tumours of the female reproductive system, and they diagnose and treat them. Cancers of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and vulva are included.

 

Reproductive surgery and female pelvic medicine

These surgeons specialize in treating urinary tract diseases in women. They also concentrate on muscle and connective tissue diseases that occur right behind a woman’s pelvis. The pelvic floor is the name for this area.

Pregnancy, age and certain medical disorders can all cause the pelvic floor to weaken. These experts deal with:

  • incontinence, either urinary or faecal
  • Infections of the vaginal or urinary tract
  • bladder pain due to an overactive bladder
  • Prolapse of the pelvic organs

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