With its complex network of blood veins and sophisticated network of tubes and tubules that filter the blood of waste items and excess water, the kidneys are essential for survival.
The kidneys regulate fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance, which can be disrupted by various diseases, medicines, and toxins.
The study of the proper functioning of the kidneys and their disorders is referred to as nephrology. The disorders that are covered by nephrology are as follows:
Doctors that specialize in kidney diseases are known as nephrologists. Kidney problems are becoming more common worldwide, with millions of people needing treatment for renal damage or chronic kidney disease each year (CKD). Kidney illness is the 12th most common cause of mortality worldwide and the 9th most common in the United States.
Chronic renal disease is thought to affect 15% of adults in the United States. However, 90% of them are unaware of it or do not seek treatment from a nephrologist until the condition has progressed to the point where it is costly.
Because of the chronic health disorders that co-occur, having your kidneys fail is even more likely than having your liver fail. Diabetes, heart disorder, obesity, and high blood pressure are all conditions that can lead to kidney disease. It can also lead to high blood pressure and heart disease, even if you didn’t have these problems before.
Anaemia, osteoporosis, a weaker immune system, and an irregular pulse can all be symptoms of chronic kidney disease. This cause-and-effect link emphasizes the importance of having healthy kidneys and seeking out a nephrologist who can treat and manage any kidney problems you may have.
Nephrologists can help you design a management plan to help you overcome renal failure. If detected and treated early enough, kidney damage may even be reversible.
Nephrology, often known as renal medicine, is an internal medicine specialty concerned with kidney care. It’s frequently linked to hypertension or high blood pressure.
Nephrologists are doctors who specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of kidney disorders and diseases. High blood pressure, fluid retention, and electrolyte and mineral imbalances are all treated as well. Furthermore, these experts are in charge of renal dialysis — both haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis — and kidney transplants and follow-up care.
Nephrologists are renal health experts who seek to discover problems with your kidneys and help you stay healthy. The kidneys purify your blood to remove waste and pollutants and monitor and balance the water, acid-base, and mineral ratios in your body.
Your body might become an unhealthy environment without effective blood filtering and balanced levels of water and nutrients. Low kidney function puts you at risk of developing chronic kidney disease, kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease, necessitating regular dialysis.
When you visit a nephrologist for treatment, you are putting yourself in the hands of professionals who can propose the best treatment plan for you. They stay current on medical advances for your renal condition to ensure you receive the most precise and comprehensive care possible.